Why Use These Gowns?
These products are designed to protect exposed body areas that may be in contact with bodily fluids, blood, secretions and excretions. When you provide your staff with protective gowns, you are reducing the infection rate and protecting against cross-contamination. Reusable isolation gowns are also designed to reduce the risk of contaminating vulnerable patients, especially those with weak immune systems.
How Does a Yellow Gown Protect?
When there is a low to high risk of contamintaion it creates a need for protection against critical zones that regular surgical gowns cannot provide. They feature liquid barrier seams and are designed to cover as much of the body to allow for appropriate protection, which is the intended use. These gowns reduce the exposure to pathogenic microorganisms that are found in body fluids, blood, and other potentially infectious material, which can lead to occupationally acquired infections in your professional healthcare staff.
Most areas of the body are considered critical zones and require protection that is required to meet the highest liquid barrier protection level for each gown rating. There are two standards required for reusable gowns and disposable isolation gowns: the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) F2407 and the American National Standards Institue (ANSI). Each gown will be labled to show that the product has been tested to ensure quality performance.
What are the 4 Levels of Association for the Advancement of Medical Indtrumention (AAMI) Standards?
- 1- AATCC 42 Test - measures the material's resistance to fluid penetration
- 2- AATCC 127 Test - measures the material's resistance to fluid penetration while under increasing pressure
- 3- measures the fluid impact penetration and hydrostatic head
- 4- ASTM F1670 Test (blood barrier test) - measures the material's resistance to synthetic blood under constant contact
Center for Disease Control (CDC) Guidance for the Selection and Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in Healthcare Settings
FDA - December 9, 2015 Guidance for the Selection and Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in Healthcare Settings
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics A Review of Gowns in Healthcare: Fabric and Gown Properties F. Selcen Kilinc, PhD
Journal of Hospital Infection Contamination of protective clothing and nurses' uniforms in an isolation ward F. Selcen Kilinc, PhD