Wheelchair Lifts are available in several different designs to meet specific needs. There are platform lifts or vertical lifts that elevate or lower a wheelchair and the rider to another level. A vehicle wheelchair lift raises a wheelchair and rider onto a bus or van for transportation to another location. Another vehicle wheelchair lift is attached to the exterior of a vehicle and transports an empty wheelchair to another location. Portable wheelchair lifts allow a wheelchair and patient to negotiate any stairs with the assistance of a single caregiver. Another device, a wheel chair transfer chair, allows patients to be transferred to and from a wheelchair. Each type of lift helps protect the mobility patient and caregiver from injury. Some of these wheelchair lifts have been mandated by Federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Legislation.
Study References and Government Legislation
- Conlan, Timothy J. "http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/3/43.short." Publius: The Journal of Federalism 21.3 (1991): 43-57.
- Beresford, Susan A. "Stair lifts and vertical wheelchair lifts." British Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation 5.6 (1998): 315-320.
- Black, B. D. "Wheelchair Lifts, Building Codes and the ADA." The Building Official and Code Administrator 28.2 (1994): 36-39.
- Wachs, Martin. "The role of transportation in the social integration of the aged." America’s Aging: The Social and Built Environment in an Older Society (1988): 169-89.
- Garg, A., et al. "A biomechanical and ergonomic evaluation of patient transferring tasks: wheelchair to shower chair and shower chair to wheelchair." Ergonomics 34.4 (1991): 407-419.